The first FIAT, assembled in 1899, was a four-seater car in which the driver was sitting in the back left, and passengers were seated in front of the driver. Management was carried out by means of a lever mechanism. In 1901, a steering wheel and multi-seat inseparable sofas appeared one after another in FIAT cars. Already in 1911, the first racing cars began to be produced, for example the S76. It was driven by a four-cylinder engine with a working volume of 28353 cm3 - more than 28 liters, which developed a capacity of 290 liters. from. at 1900 rpm But FIAT also produced compact cars with small engines. Nowadays, racing cars remain the prerogative of Ferrari, and cars with improved and performance characteristics are retained by Ferrari and Maserati. Both firms are part of the vast FIAT empire. FIAT has always produced sports cars for the highway and continues to produce them along with many others, including compact models. It was small cars, such as the 500 Topolino, that allowed the company to succeed. The model, developed in 1936, was produced until 1955. The Model 500 was the first small-sized mass-produced machine designed for couples or small families. It was inexpensive, reliable and became the first car for many. The Topolino model in 1955 was followed by the FIAT-600 model, in which the engine was located at the rear. This machine was also a huge success, and its sales over five years amounted to 1 million copies. Two years later, the Nuova-500 model appeared, which resembled the previous 500 model only in size. The rear-mounted air-cooled twin-cylinder engine replaced the front-mounted four-cylinder power unit. The car, which was incredibly popular in Italy, was constantly improved. Its doors, which opened "the other way around," were replaced by ordinary ones. The size and power of the engine were constantly growing, from 479 cm and 13 liters. from. up to 594 cm3 and 18 liters. from. But the 500 was never able to become a truly fast car. The latest Topolino model with great difficulty developed a speed of less than 95 km / h, and its successor with a capacity of 18 liters. from. - a little over 105 km / h. As they improved, cars became smaller and more powerful. So it was with the FIAT-850 model, which replaced the 600 model. With an engine displacement of 843 cm3 and a capacity of 34 liters. from. she was already more of a car than her predecessor. The FIAT-850 model was put into production in May 1964. By the time it left the market in 1971, nearly 1.8 million cars were sold, not including 350,000 coupe units and 124,000 convertibles.
The latest Nuova-500 model had a two-cylinder engine with a displacement of 594 cm3, which was also installed in its predecessor, FIAT-126. This small 2 + 2 car has been produced since 1972 for twenty years, during which time millions of these cars have been sold. FIAT also produced larger models, such as the FIAT-1100, which was put into production in 1939 and reappeared after World War II. By this time, the car no longer looked ultra-modern. The headlights were still above the wings, and the center pillar between the doors disappeared, making landing and landing easier. The 1100V model of 1949 had a slightly more powerful engine, while the latest 1100E model did not have a spare tire fixed to the rear of the car, but was inside the luggage compartment. The FIAT-1500 model was also produced with the same body, but with a six-cylinder engine with a capacity of 45 liters. from. and a working volume of 1493 cm3. In 1953, a completely new series was introduced. The new 1100 model resembled its predecessor only in name. The body became a carrier. It was produced either with triple sofas in front and behind, or with two seats in front and a triple sofa in the back.
The 1100TV was a faster version of the previous one with a 50 liter engine. from. instead of the standard 36 liters. from. The FIAT-1200 Granluche model had an engine with a working volume of 1089 cm3, increased to 1221 cm3, a body identical to the 1100 model, with the exception of the radiator grill and two-tone painting. In 1961, the FIAT-1500 model was revived with a four-cylinder engine with a displacement of 1481 cm1 and a power of 72 liters. from. The body was similar to the body of the model 1100. Equipped with an engine displacement of 1295 cm3, the car was known as the FIAT-1300. In the higher price category, FIAT released the 1400 model in 1950, and two years later the 1900 model. Their bodies were much larger and more spacious than the 1100 and 1200 models. Based on these cars, Italian designers created several magnificent cars with coupe bodies. and convertible. Four-cylinder engines had parameters 1395 cm3 / 44l. from. and 1901 cm3 / 60 l. from.
In the late 50s, the Italian economy was booming, demand for more expensive cars increased, so in 1959, FIAT launched the FIAT-1800 and -2100. These models had new engines and brand new, spacious bodies. The only difference between the two models was the working volume of their six-cylinder engines - 1795 and 2054 cm3. Two years later, a large version (2279 cm3) of this engine appeared in the FIAT-2300 model. Until the end of production in 1968, this car was never able to achieve the comfort and luxury of the FIAT-130 model. This prestigious car was available for sale with both a sedan and a coupe. An automatic transmission and power windows were offered as standard equipment.
Since 1966, models have been given names that were no longer associated with engine size. FIAT-124 and -125 models with four-cylinder engines with a working volume of 1197 and 1608 cm3 appeared. Externally, the cars were very similar, but equipped with a large engine model 125 was slightly more spacious than 124. Another difference is that the model 124 had rectangular headlights, and 125 had round headlights. The FIAT-128 model, which followed the 1100 model and similar to it, was put into production in March 1969. The biggest difference was hidden under the hood. Model 128 was the first FIAT car with a transverse engine with overhead camshaft and front-wheel drive.
Model 128 was sold in various versions and enjoyed great success. When, finally, in 1978, production in Italy was discontinued, it turned out that more than 3 million cars were sold.