Dacia is an automobile manufacturer in Romania; since 1998, it has been part of Renault as a subsidiary located in the outskirts of Pitesti.
Cottage (rum. Dacia) is a historical region in Romania during the Roman Empire.
Dacia factory was founded in 1967 with the technical assistance of Renault. According to the initial contract, a license was acquired for the promising front-wheel drive model Renault R12, the mass production of which was just to begin in France in 1969. Therefore, temporarily for the Romanian workers to master the assembly-line assembly method, in 1968 the assembly of the licensed rear-engined Renault R8 model under the Dacia 1100 brand was mastered. Its small-scale production continued until 1971 with a slight modernization in 1970.
In 1969, in parallel with the French Renault R12 model (the European “Car 1969/70 of the year”), the new Dacia 1300 front-wheel drive sedan was introduced. In 1972, the production of the 1300 Break station wagon was mastered on the basis of this model, and in 1973 the semi-ton pickup truck model 1302. Since 1977, the production of the Dacia 1300 has been completely localized. In 1979, a restyled Dacia 1310 model was introduced with new lighting equipment (four round headlights), as well as a prototype 1310 Sport coupe, and the compact ARO 10 SUV on Dacia 1300 units, which was sold in some export markets as the Dacia Duster, also debuted.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Dacia small-scale assembled a D6 van (Renault Estafette), as well as a Renault R18 sedan and a R20 hatchback from CKD kits. These passenger models were intended for party nomenclature.
In 1981 - 1982, a family of commercial plain-colored pickups 1304-1309 appeared. In 1983, the small-scale Sport 1410 coupe appeared. In the early 80s, a promising model of the Dacia 500 minivan with a two-cylinder engine, representing a half of the standard Dacia motor, was shown. This model did not go into series because of the economic crisis that erupted in Ceausescu Romania. In 1985, under the Dacia 1410 index, a more powerful version of the base model was mastered, which passed another restyling in 1983. In 1985, the 1320 5-door hatchback appeared, after restyling in 1990, received the name 1325 Liberta and produced until 1996.
In 1989, all Dacia models (CN1 series) were restyled. In 1992, the family supplemented the more economical version of the Dacia 1210, the production of which did not last long. In 1993, the 1310 family underwent another restyling (CN2 series), another in 1995 (CN3) and the last in 1998 (CN4). Production of passenger versions on the R12 platform was discontinued in 2004, and in 2005 the production of commercial pickups was curtailed.
In 1994, Dacia mastered the release of the Nova hatchback on the Peugeot 309 licensed platform. In 2000, the model was restyled and became designated as SuperNova. In 2003, with the help of Renault, it was subjected to deep modernization and became known as Solenza. In 2005, the release of the transition model Solenza was discontinued.
Until 2005, Dacia produced approximately 2.5 million vehicles. Since 2004, Dacia has mastered the release of the Logan sedan on the worldwide platform of the Renault X90. In 2006, the Logan MCV station wagon was mastered on the same reinforced platform (M90), which in 2007 was supplemented by the Logan VAN commercial van, and in 2008 - by the Logan Pickup pickup truck. After the transition to a modern lineup, the production of Dacia cars has increased many times.