In 1985, a division of the American mechanical engineering concern General Motors was founded, which was named Saturn. The company began developing and producing compact and fuel efficient cars for the domestic market in order to compete with Japanese brands that have become widespread in the United States of America after the worldwide fuel crisis.
In 1996, a serial electric vehicle of the Saturn brand was presented, which, in the wake of the success of General Motors cars, aroused quite high interest from buyers. Bold technical solutions allowed the company "Saturn" in 1997 to enter the Japanese car market, which caused a great resonance in the automotive world. In the 2000s, the company began to actively promote its all-wheel drive models, building, unlike other brands of the General Motors concern, its cars on a unique independent platform, which, of course, made them somewhat more expensive than competitors.
However, in 2008, when General Motors was on the verge of bankruptcy, all of the company's brands were under attack. Having concluded an agreement with the Congress of the United States of America, the company still managed to receive subsidies for the further development of its products, but with the condition of closing or selling the most unprofitable projects. In addition to truly unprofitable brands, the Saturn company also came under attack, whose cars, although in demand in the USA and Canada, were not popular in Europe and other countries. In 2010, the Saturn brand filed for bankruptcy after the sale to Penske holding, which owns one of the most successful racing teams in the world, fell through.