Country of Origin: USA
The history of the Chevrolet automobile brand is one of the most interesting in the General Motors concern. Chevrolet is the best-selling automotive brand released by General Motors. Chevrolet or Chevy is synonymous with GM.
The Chevrolet brand is also considered the largest GM brand, which has more than 20 vehicles in its assortment and many other advanced versions. The company's plants produce from middle-class cars to commercial utility vehicles.
They are America's top sellers, including the Silverado pickup, which ranks second in America for car sales (after the Ford F-150) and Impala, which is a famous domestic brand.
Chevrolet was jointly founded by Louis Chevrolet and William S. Durant.
Louis Chevrolet was a racer (born December 25, 1878 in Switzerland). William Durant, founder of General Motors, was ousted from GM in 1910. and he wanted to use the engineering talent of Luis Chevrolet to restore his reputation in the automotive industry. As the head of the Buick Motor Company, Durant hired Chevrolet to compete in a Buick car racing.
In November 1911 Chevrolet entered the automotive market to rival the Ford Model T. A year later, the Classic Six was introduced. The Classic Six sedan accommodated five passengers, was equipped with a six-cylinder engine (4.9 L) and had a top speed of 65 mph (104 km / h).
Chevrolet first used the logical symbol "bowtie" (bow tie) in 1913. It is said that this symbol came from a drawing once seen by Durant on the wallpaper in the hotel. Another theory of the appearance of the sign from the design of the Swiss cross is based on the fact that Louis Chevrolet was originally from Switzerland.
In 1915 Durant traveled to Toronto, Ontario, to determine the possibility of selling cars in Canada. After meeting with McLaughlin, whose McLaughlin Motor Car Company manufactured McLaughlin-Buick, an agreement was made that the Chevrolet Motor Car Company would construct the Chevrolet in Canada. Three years later, two Canadian companies will be acquired by GM to create General Motors Canada Ltd. in Canada.
In 1916 Chevrolet made enough profit to allow Durant to buy most of GM's shares. After the deal was completed in 1917, Durant became president of General Motors and Chevrolet was annexed to GM, becoming a separate subsidiary.
In 1918 Chevrolet introduced the Model D V-8 series 4-seater roadster and car for traveling for 5 people. These cars had a 35hp engine with Zenith carburetors and a three speed gearbox.
In 1955 Chevrolet introduced the most famous and practical V8 engine (265 cc / inch) in three versions. The main one had a two-chamber carburetor and a power of 165ls. Power was increased to 185 hp, and a four-chamber carburetor appeared.
This engine was a hit of the season among mechanics and replaced the Ford engine.
In 1955 the 265cc / inch engine was one of the smallest V8 engines offered by three large American automobile manufacturers (264 Buick Nailhead, 241 Plymouth non-Hemi and 241 Dodge Hemi).
However, they produced identical-sized cars with much larger engines, such as the 88-series Oldsmobile with the Rocket engine (324 cc). Chevy was equipped with a power engine and three-speed gearbox, which could reach 60 miles per hour in 8.4 seconds.