The Ferrari company from Maranello, famous for its sports supercars, also produced cars of the 2 + 2 type, which with a stretch could be attributed to the "family". Various manufacturers specializing in the manufacture of car bodies also produced 2 + 2 cars on the Ferrari chassis. The first truly “family” Ferrari car was the 250GTE. This model was presented at an exhibition in Paris in 1960. The body was designed by Pininfarina. With a wheelbase of 2600 mm and a length of 4700 mm, there was enough space in the cabin for a small family. The VI2 engine with a displacement of 2953 cm3 developed a capacity of 240 liters. from. at 7000 rpm The designation 250 referred to the volume, but indicated the volume of only one of the 12 cylinders! In 1963, a four-liter engine was used to create the 330 America model.
It was a transitional model, after fifty produced cars turned into a 330GT model. The car had a completely new body and was driven by an engine with a working volume of 3967 cm3. The car was demonstrated in January 1964 at the annual Ferrari press conference. The company "Pininfarina" designed a body that in all respects surpassed its predecessors. The wheelbase was increased by 50 mm, which was especially convenient for rear passengers. A distinctive feature of the first batch were two pairs of headlights. Not everyone liked them, but at that time they were in fashion. The engine displacement was 3967 cm3 and the power was 300 liters. from. at 6600 rpm The car weighing 1380 kg easily accelerated to a high speed of 240 km / h. As with the 250GTE, the gearbox had four speeds and an accelerating gear with electric engagement. It was replaced in the second installment by a five-speed gearbox. The GT model had alloy aluminum wheels and two pairs of headlights. In 1967, the 365GT 2 + 2 was replaced by the 330GT.
This car had little in common with sports cars. The engine capacity was increased to 4390 cm3, power - up to 320 liters. from. at 6600 rpm The numbers were impressive, but power was rarely shown completely due to the fact that the car was suitable for fast driving only on highways. Standard equipment included air conditioning, a radio, an eight-track cassette recorder, steering and power brakes and power windows. The car was of great interest from a technical point of view, as it was the first Ferrari with independent suspension on all four wheels. The rear wheels had four Koni shock absorbers, two of which provided automatic alignment. The limited slip limited slip differential provided power to the rear wheels.
The 356GT 2 + 2 model was produced until the end of 1971, and the successor appeared only at the October Paris exhibition of the next, 1972. The new 365GT4 2 + 2 model had a modern body - longer, wider and lower than the body of the 365GT 2 + 2 model. From a technical point of view, the car was more attractive. Now it was equipped with an engine with a displacement of 4390 cm3 with four overhead camshafts instead of two. Ferrari decided not to disclose the developed capacity, but this value was approximately 340 liters. from. Much more important is the enormous torque created by the engine, which made it possible to start in third or fourth gear.
Ferrari also produced relatively inexpensive cars. In 1968, the Dino-206GT model appeared with a two-liter six-cylinder engine. Subsequently, its volume was increased to 2.4 liters. When a further increase in volume was not possible, cars with V8 engines first appeared in 1974. It was a model 308GT4 2 + 2, exhibited in Paris in October 1973. The name was made up of the following parameters: a three-liter engine (2926 cm3), eight cylinders, four camshafts and a place for two people, and if necessary, also a place for two passengers at the rear. The machine was equipped with a five-speed gearbox and a transversely mounted engine, in front of the rear axle (or directly behind the rear seat). Despite this arrangement, Nuccio Bertone was able to construct a comfortable car type 2 + 2. The power unit was a variant of the V8 engine that Ferrari used in 1964 in Formula 1 racing cars. Power 250 liters. from. at 7700 rpm it allowed to accelerate the car to a speed of 250 km / h. However, these cars had flaws and the biggest one: like the 206 and 246GT, the name was not Ferrari, but Dino. It flaunted on the front of the car, was knocked out in various parts and was included in the operating instructions. Cars were made at the Ferrari factories in Maranello, so why were they called Dino and not Ferrari? The fact is that each Ferrari car had a body from Pininfarina, and Nuccio Bertone was an unknown person. Only a few years earlier he had designed a number of bodies for the Ferrari chassis. Nevertheless, the 308GT4 model, unlike the 246GT model designed by Pininfarina, was an attractive and elegant car, had leather trim, air conditioning and electric windows. In 1978, the emblem with the image of a horse reared up was placed on the front, and the Dino badge on the back, and from that moment the audience regarded the cars as Ferrari.