In 1920, the Japanese company Mazda was founded, which in the first years of its existence was engaged in the creation of machine tools, collaborating with the largest companies in the country. In addition, from 1921 to 1931, the company was engaged in the development of several versions of motorcycles, but they never went into series. However, in 1931, the first Mazda-branded car was introduced - a four-wheeled light truck that enjoyed great popularity in the domestic car market in Japan. And in 1932, its deliveries began to the automobile market in China, but already under the name "Mazda Go".
After the outbreak of World War II, Mazda factories were retrained for the production of engines for aircraft and military trucks. However, at the beginning of 1945, production was completely suspended, and the plant was completely destroyed on August 9, after the bombing of Hiroshima, where Mazda's production facilities were located.
After the emperor of Japan declared Hiroshima a city of peace, the entire industry of Hiroshima began to rebuild, and huge sums of money were offered to those who voluntarily set up production in the newly built city to create new jobs. Thus, the Mazda company found a second wind and already in 1949 presented a three-wheeled truck equipped with a motorcycle power unit from Honda.
In 1958, the first four-wheeled truck Mazda Romper was presented, which had a two-cylinder power unit of its own production, with a capacity of 35 horsepower, under the hood. In subsequent years, Romper received a number of modifications, gaining acceptance from buyers.
Two years later, after the first success of the restored Mazda company, the engineers of the company presented the first passenger car of the brand - the compact coupe Mazda R360 Coupe. Subsequently, the company embarked on a massive popularization and modernization of rotary engine technology, presenting in 1967 the first passenger car Mazda Cosmo Sport 110S, equipped with a rotary power unit. However, the business of the company deteriorated due to large-scale investments in the construction of new production facilities. As a result, 25% of the shares were bought by the American concern "Ford", which expanded its presence in the Japanese car market. In addition, Mazda engineers got at their disposal the technologies of the new partner, which formed the basis for all future models of the Japanese brand.
In 1964, the company launched its first family car, the Mazda Familia, which immediately won the title of best car in Japan. And after 3 years, this model was officially supplied to the automotive markets in Europe and New Zealand, expanding Mazda's presence in more than 20 automotive markets around the world.
In 1981, Mazda entered the United States automobile market, becoming one of the largest car manufacturers in Japan. In addition, the company has won a number of awards, both in the automotive industry and in the field of technological innovation, thanks to the successful production of new rotary power units, which debuted 5 years later in the compact Mazda RX-7 coupe. Two years later, a coupe version of the RX-7 was introduced.
In 1989, the most popular car of the company in its entire history was presented - the compact convertible MX-5, which became the most successful model of the brand and received many upgrades in the future. In the same year, the Efini brand was introduced, intended to compete with the Lexus and Infinity brands in the American automotive market. Thanks to the successful work on the evolution of rotary engines, the Mazda factory team managed to win the most prestigious motorsport marathon, the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1991.
However, the crisis in the Japanese economy had a negative impact on the further growth of the company. However, this did not prevent the company from releasing another successful car - Mazda Demio, which in the European and American car markets was known as Mazda 2. In 1995, the Ford concern expanded its stake to 35%, thus gaining full control over the production course of the Mazda brand. As a result, all subsequent cars of both brands had a common platform, which made it possible to reduce the cost of production.
In 2000, Mazda became the first representative of the automotive industry to introduce a feedback system with its customers via the Internet, which made it possible to significantly increase the efficiency of the marketing department, as well as to make certain improvements in their cars. A year later, the first fruits of this work were received, which allowed the company to release its first family sedan, Mazda Atenza. In addition, in the same year, the second generation of the brand's roadster, called the RX-8, was introduced.
In 2005, another renewal of the company's lineup began, which by that time included compact models of hatchbacks and sedans. The first new model was the Mazda 5, a mid-size minivan targeted for sales in Europe and the United States, and in 2006 the brand's first all-wheel drive vehicle, the Mazda CX-7 mid-size crossover, was introduced. A year later, a full-size version of the 7th model was introduced, which had two additional seats and a more powerful six-cylinder power unit with 273 horsepower. The model was named Mazda CX-9, and its first generation was sold exclusively in the United States of America. By 2008, all current cars of the Japanese brand were completely updated, which subsequently made it possible to significantly expand the company's target audience.
In 2012, the first car of the brand was presented - the compact crossover Mazda CX-5, which received a new appearance, which became the defining one for all other Mazda models, modernized during the following year. In addition, at the beginning of 2013, the release of new sports models of the company with a new generation of rotary power units was announced. Half a year later, a hatchback was presented, which was an updated Mazda3. At the same time, Mazda6 was recognized as one of the safest cars in the world. The company took the life and health of motorists seriously, which was confirmed once again when, just a few weeks later, it introduced an improved safety system. According to the engineers, it was supposed to provide the car with the ability to communicate even with trams, thereby reducing the risk of collision.
All 2013 Mazda showrooms have new versions of Mazda3. In Europe, this model was unanimously named "Car of the Year 2014". The new season began with debuts. Not wanting to get hung up on one car, the company's management moved on to demonstrating new products. The HAZUMI concept car, which appeared at the Geneva Motor Show, was presented as the concept of the ideal subcompact car, combining all 4 key aspects of the new generation Mazda.
On the eve of the exhibition in Paris, many hoped to see another new representative of the Mazda line, but the company's management decided to slightly change the course of events. As a result, the Mazda2 debuted in Spain. A few months later, already in Los Angeles, two more models were revealed to motorists - the first compact SUV Mazda CX-3 and the fourth generation Mazda MX-5. The 2015 Frankfurt Salon saw the introduction of the new Mazda KOERU concept crossover.