Country of Origin: USA
Henry Martin Leland made his first engine for the Oldsmobile company in 1901, and a year later he began producing cars called the Cadillac, which caused a sensation. One of these cars was exhibited at an automobile exhibition in New York in 1903 and gained instant success. Already during the exhibition, orders were received for 2000 copies of cars more than a small company could manufacture.
Cadillac cars have never been cheap. A seven-seater limousine in 1906 cost $ 5,000 - a considerable amount, given that the cost of a Kurved Dash two-seater was only $ 650. General Motors (GM), created in 1908 by William Duran on the basis of the companies Buick and Oldsmobile, Auckland and Cadillac, was joined in 1909. Durant needed a prestigious brand and he agreed to the requested price of $ 4.5 million. It was the largest deal ever made in Detroit. Cadillac has always been one step ahead of its competitors.
In 1905, the company already produced four-cylinder engines, while others still produced two-cylinder engines. In 1915, Cadillac introduced V8 engines to the market, and in 1930 its plant was the first to master the production of V6 engines. In 1910, when American companies were still producing open cars, the Cadillac company made a model with a completely closed body. An electric starter engine invented by Charles Kettering for General Motors was first used in a Cadillac car in 1912. In 1929, the company was the first to equip its cars with a gearbox with synchronizers and a short-speed V8 engine with a high compression ratio and five main bearings, becoming an example for all modern cars in the USA.
Since 1909, Cadillac continued to be the most prestigious brand of General Motors, competing with Lincoln Ford cars and Chrysler Imperial cars. An increasing number of government members, industrialists, and movie stars bought Cadillac cars. In December 1941, the last Cadillac pre-war cars left the production lines, two months later they were replaced by the first M5 tanks and aircraft engines. The war for the Cadillac company ended on October 17, 1945, when it resumed production of cars. At the end of 1949, the millionth car rolled off the assembly line, and by 1956 the plant produced more than 150,000 cars a year.
In 1954, Cadillac was the first to equip its cars with power steering, which was highly appreciated by female drivers. Air conditioners appeared and became familiar, followed by cruise control in 1959. In the same year, under the chief designer Harley Earle, tail stabilizers reached the greatest expressiveness.
The maximum speed of the car reached 200 km / h with a fuel consumption of 25 liters per 100 km. Safety was given increasing importance, therefore, since 1972, all Cadillac cars have been equipped with seat belts (although ten years earlier SAAB began to install them in their cars). The first airbags appeared in 1974. The main news of the Cadillac company was the Seville model, which was a European car in size: the length was 5180 mm at 5220 mm for the flryap-XJ6 model and 4950 mm for the Mercedes-450 SEL model. However, the size of the engine with a displacement of 5737 cm was reduced slightly. The car was quite expensive and cost in the United States one and a half times more than the Cadillac Coupe de Ville.